They range widely in form, tone and aesthetic quality. The Middle English "Prose Merlin" gives students of medieval Arthurian literature access—though at one remove—to the Merlin section of the Old French Vulgate Cycle, an interconnected set of Arthurian works composed during the first half of the thirteenth century. Written in the latter half of the fifteenth century, it is a treasure trove of characters, incidents and motifs, many of which are found nowhere else in Arthurian literature.
This edition of "The Testament of Love" is the first to be published since W. Skeat undertook the task in Allen Shoaf, the editor, to construe it. John Lydgate, monk of the great Benedictine abbey of Bury St. Edmunds in Suffolk, began composing the poem in October on commission from Henry, Prince of Wales, later King Henry V and he completed it in These moral love songs and laments illustrate how, in the devout medieval English sensibility, doctrine was vitally connected to affective receptivity.
Narrative moods range from love-longing and passion to bitter grief and sorrowful lament, feelings that devolve from the intimately personal state of being God's created creature, individually answerable to divine law and love. Kelly, Russell A. Here is a comprehensive collection of materials that deal with Robin Hood and such other "outlaw" figures as Hereward the Wake, Eustache the Monk and Fouke le Fitz Waryn.
In this text the figure of Robin Hood can be viewed in historical perspective, from the early accounts in the chronicles through the ballads, plays and romances that grew around his fame and impressed him on our fictional and historical imaginations. Written probably in the late s, "The Book of Margery Kempe" is one of the most astonishing documents of late medieval English life. Kempe examines the fundamental conflicts and tensions of that world by describing her gradual and voluntary movement away from worldly prestige. Since it was written "The Cloud" has attracted the attention of a diverse range of readers, from Robert Bateman, an influential seventeenth-century Baptist, to the novelist Aldous Huxley and the psychologist Ira Progoff.
Here a new edition makes the work available to contemporary readers. The authors of the poems and documents, mostly anonymous or pseudonymous, speak in the traditional language of complaint and satire; but the outlines of their anxiety are fairly clear. The poems appear to have been written shortly after the events they commemorate. Breton Lays—those poems produced by or after the fashion of Marie de France in the twelfth century and which claim to be "literary versions of lays sung by ancient Bretons to the accompaniment of the harp"—served many functions.
The poems edited in this volume, were distinctly "English" Breton lays "largely because they point to a renewed interest in the nuclear English family and the shaping of distinctly English family values. This volume is the first affordable, modern collection of all eleven of the known Middle English Gawain tales, and aims to make these texts accessible to a wider, contemporary audience. Foster to take account of recent scholarship, is again made available to students.
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This new edition makes the poems available to students of English romance and of the Matter of Britain and enables us to enrich our sense of the texture of English treatments of the vast body of legends that grew around the court of Arthur. This first-person account of the visions experienced by Julian of Norwich in May of is remarkable for its vivid prose and as an example both of early autobiographical writing in the vernacular and of a spiritual document. When Geoffrey Chaucer died in , his massive project "The Canterbury Tales" lay unfinished and unpublished.
Gavin Douglas's "The Palis of Honoure" is a fascinating but still rather neglected dream poem from early sixteenth-century Scotland. The poems are complex and provide insight into fourteenth-century culture. As the editor observes, "the poem's perspectives are truly dizzying: on the one hand, economics, politics, ethics and social relations are seen as an interrelated set of universal, timeless principles; on the other, they appear as actual, contingent conditions that have resulted from specific acts in history.
The six Middle English poems included here attack ecclesiastical corruption; most of the poems were written by disgruntled Lollards about clerics and friars in the late fourteenth or early fifteenth century. This volume makes accessible for students of the Middle Ages Middle English verses about heroic women from the Old Testament. An asset to any study of gender in medieval England, this volume contains three poems that complement each other in their treatments of relations between the sexes.
Meanwhile, "The Assembly of Ladies" recounts the activities of a group of women while describing the differences between the sexes. Finally, the dream poem "The Isle of Ladies" tells of a male dreamer's interactions with the ladies of an all-female island. This volume serves as an excellent introduction to the tradition of romances dealing with the matter of France—that is, Charlemagne and his Twelve Peers. A translation of the romances' source, the Anglo-French Otinel, is also included.
The romances center on conflicts between Frankish Christians and various Saracen groups. In addition to Charlemagne and Roland, each romance features a Saracen character: either the kind but loathsome giant Vernagu or Otuel, Vernagu's handsome and sharp-tongued nephew. The romances deal with issues of racial and religious difference, conversion, and faith-based violence.
Skip to main content. Middle English Texts. Chandler "The King of Tars" is a short Middle English poem that emphasizes ideas about race, gender and religion. Peck, with Latin translations by Andrew Galloway The complete text of John Gower's poem is a three-volume edition, including all Latin components—with translations—of this bilingual text and extensive glosses, bibliography and explanatory notes.
Furrow A "bourde" is an English comedic poem similar to a French fabliau but with a moralizing element and less of an emphasis on violence. Sebastian The Croxton play, which survives in a single sixteenth-century copy, dramatizes the physical abuse by five Muhammad-worshipping Syrian Jews of a Host, the bread consecrated by a priest during the Christian Mass.
Allan Mitchell "The Temple of Glas" takes the form of an elusive and suspenseful—but for that reason all the more sensational—dream vision that demands close attention to detail and the dynamic way in which the meaning of events unfolds.
Poetry and British Nationalisms in the Bardic Eighteenth Century | SpringerLink
David Benson "The Book of John Mandeville" has tended to be neglected by modern teachers and scholars, yet this intriguing and copious work has much to offer the student of medieval literature, history and culture. Scherb In the late s in eastern England, a scribe was in the process of compiling a large dramatic manuscript of over two hundred vellum folios.
Walsh and Ton J. Broos Faced with death's certainty—and the uncertainty of the time of its coming, particularly in a historical period of widespread plague and other afflictions—as well as the inevitability of the hereafter, what is one to do? Yeager In Praise of Peace, edited by Michael Livingston Gower's achievement in writing substantially in all three primary languages of his time—Anglo-French, English and Latin—was a source of pride to others and, undoubtedly, to him too: into the final years of his life he continued to produce poetry in all three languages. Gordon Whatley, with Anne B.
Thompson and Robert K. Symons The poems in this volume were all attributed to Chaucer by early compilers or editors of his work in the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries and were not removed from the Chaucer canon until the late eighteenth or early nineteenth century, when they became identified simply as Chaucerian. Foster Through these fourteenth-century Middle English poems, readers can experience something of the controversies that surfaced and resurfaced even after Aquinas had articulated his doctrine of the Communion of Saints.
Carlson, with a verse translation by A. Rigg The poem that Richard Maidstone wrote on the metropolitan crisis of reports information about the royal entry that concluded the crisis in greater detail than any other source. Reames, with the assistance of Martha G.
Blalock and Wendy R. Bestul Walter Hilton's "The Scale of Perfection" maintains a secure place among the major religious treatises composed in fourteenth-century England. Winstead In telling the story of the life of the virgin martyr Katherine, Capgrave uses many of the tropes that mark the enormously popular genre of hagiography as it was written throughout the Middle Ages. Blyth "The Regiment of Princes," written about —11, was composed at a time when England was still feeling the consequences of the deposition of Richard II.
In effect, what happens to those who live as fragments of themselves? Levertov published these poems in the late s, and the questions they raise seem to have been on her mind when she began the spiritual exercises. The effect on her work appears to have been subtle, but significant.
Certain poems she composed afterward again conjure themes of partial presence, of a haunting relation to some desired fullness.
Elizabeth Jennings and the Sacramental Nature of Poetry
But the emphasis seems different; these later poems partake more completely of the presence s they invoke. Experience in this latter register is intense, though it is not yet entire, for the dead are not brought back to life, not exactly. Hence, while fulfilling, it is not yet full. It centers itself on the famous story of Peter walking on the water to meet Jesus.
However, the poem bookends its version of this Biblical episode with two important deviations from the story. The first, with which the poem opens, concerns an abstract principle the poem conveys about the nature of poetry writing:.
Poems are about more than their objects, more than their language, more than the texture of their allusions to other poems. Poetic inspiration, the poet asserts, is not the result of a systematic method since, by definition, inspiration always arrives unexpectedly.
What the poet desires is thus irreducible to poetry. Hence, the poet desires to be something other than a poet, since simply being a poet is not adequate to the miracle a poem needs. Experiential immediacy devolves, in Peter, into drowsy rumination over an indelible impression, into the trace of an event that, having occurred, nevertheless begs credulity in hindsight. But again, within the context of the poem, that episode functions as an example of the self-undoing poetic principle that inspiration supersedes technique—which is to say, that poems defy the poets who create them. Do all poems effectively walk on water?
If so, what or who inspires them? What then does that imply for Peter, the disciple—the poet of merely human means?
Such a question was born, for Levertov, from the spiritual exercises, which, for all their efficaciousness in heightening the imagination, underscore the weakness of the exercitant, her perpetual need for grace. Quick Search Today Weekend Tomorrow.
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Related Sacramental Poetry Vol II. (Spiritual Poetry Book 2)
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